London chess classic; 4 round

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Anand first moveAs some wit commented on Twitter, the Berlin Chess Classic is over and the London Chess Classic has started. Well, very nearly. In fact, one of the fourth round games did feature this unpopular but highly effective Ruy Lopez variation but it was a long and interesting struggle. There was plenty of absorbing chess but still only one decisive result, with Hikaru Nakamura beating Vishy Anand to move into a triple tie for first place with MVL and Anish Giri. The current scores: 1-3 Giri, Nakamura, Vachier-Lagrave 2½/4, 4-8 Adams, Aronian, Carlsen, Caruana, Grischuk 2, 9 Anand 1½, 10 Topalov 1.

John Saunders reports:

Giri-Aronian was something of an academic exercise. Neither player seemed inclined to push very hard. The game began with an English Opening and pieces were exchanged off at regular intervals. A draw looked on the cards from an early stage and so it proved. &Vachier-Lagrave

At the start of play, Julian Hodgson in the VIP room made it plain which game he intended to concentrate on: the Grischuk versus Vachier-Lagrave game featuring a Sicilian Najdorf. This is the sort of opening variation that watching grandmasters slaver over, whilst the rest of us can only marvel at the nuances that they argue over. It was indeed a pretty good game, with Grischuk walking the time tightrope as usual, after expending about an hour and a half over moves 13 to 15, but again the players spoilt matters by playing too well. Some apparently unbalanced positions occurred along the way but the players picked their way precisely through the complications, in Grischuk’s case with very little time to spare, and found all the right moves to maintain the equilibrium. Shortly after the time control they repeated positions and a draw was agreed. If you look at the Stockfish engine’s assessments of the position from Black’s move 26 to the end, you’ll find it was exactly 0.00 on every move. Positively uncanny.

Nakamura-Anand was a surprising game in many ways. The opening, a Catalan, wasn’t particularly sharp, though White built up pressure against Black’s d5-pawn. Anand chose to counter this by surrendering it for some positional counterplay. This was a reasonable plan but he followed it up unconvincingly, and Nakamura was able to consolidate his pawn plus, and bottle up Anand’s queen on the queenside into the bargain. Nakamura grasped his chance with alacrity and by the time they reached move 40 was about to increase his material when Black decided he’s seen enough and resigned. Quite a disappointing game for Anand and his many followers. With all three decisive games being lost by the forty-somethings in the line-up, pundits are shaking their heads and citing anno domini as a significant factor. I do hope they are wrong: come on, the old guys.

Hikaru NakamuraRound 4 H.Nakamura V.Anand 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.c4 d5 4.g3 Be7 5.Bg2 00 6.Qc2 c5 7.00 cxd4 8.Nxd4 Qb6 Anand had played this in beating Aronian in a blitz game at Norway Chess last summer, so Nakamura would have expected it. 9.Rd1 Nc6 10.Nxc6 Qxc6 11.Bg5 11.Na3 was played by Aronian, and 11.b3 has been played here. The text is new. 11…h6 12.Bxf6 Bxf6 13.Na3 This has the advantage over 13.Nd2 of defending the queen, and thus freeing White to play a future cxd5 when he wants to, but the knight on the edge is otherwise a bit awkward. 13…Bd7 14.Rab1 Rac8 15.Qd3 White has conclusively won the d5–pawn. 15…Rfd8 16.cxd5 Qa4  Black has lost the pawn – or it might be more accurate to say he has sacrificed it. The point is that Black has a certain amount of positional compensation as his pieces are very active and White has some difficulty consolidating. 17.Rd2 b5 A bit dubious. Instead 17…exd5 18.Bxd5 Be6 19.e4 Rc5 looks as if it regains the pawn and secures equality. 18.Rbd1 exd5 19.Bxd5 Bc6 20.e4 a6 21.h4 Bxd5 22.exd5 Qb4 23.Rb1 Qa5 24.b4 Qa4?! The black queen gets boxed in here. 24…Qb6 helps to blockade the d5–pawn and could well be good enough to hold. 25.Rb3! Be7 26.Re2 Rc7 26…Bxb4 27.Re4 a5 28.Kg2 Re8 29.Rd4! and White can steadily improve his position while the black queen and bishop will remain trussed up on the queenside. 27.Kg2! White is in no hurry: he has Black where he wants him. 27…Bf6 28.Qf3 Re7 29.Rd2 Red7 30.Qe2 g6 This gives White another target. Harrying the queen with 30…Re7 and then maintaining the e-file blockade looks better. 31.h5! g5 32.Qd1 Bg7  It might be worth trying to break out with 32…a5!? 33.bxa5 b4 34.Rf3 Qxd1 35.Rxd1 Bg7 36.Nc4 Rc7!?, etc. 33.Nc2! White liquidates to a won endgame. 33…Qxa2 34.Ne3 Qa1 34…Qa4 35.Nf5 is no better for Black. 35.Qxa1 Bxa1 36.Ra2 Bd4 37.Nf5 Bg7 38.Rxa6 White is a pawn up and getting ready to win a second. The d5–pawn is indirectly protected by the threat of Ne7+ and Nxd5. 38…Bf8 39.d6! Bxd6 40.Nxh6+ Kh7 41.Ng4 1‑0 This seems an early resignation but after 41…Be7 42.Rf3 Rf8 43.Ne5 and 44.Nxf7, etc. The other two games lasted long into the evening, with Carlsen-Adams ending at 10.30pm (a 6½ hour session) and Topalov-Caruana going on even longer. In both cases White was trying to win but, not for the first time in this event, the defenders triumphed in both cases. Audience

I’m glad I didn’t stay to the bitter end. Although ‘bitter’ was very much the operative word as I decamped to a pub. The London Classic is the focus for much chess activity in the London area, not all of which is organised by Malcolm Pein’s team. Just as there is an Edinburgh Festival, there is also an Edinburgh Fringe. So we can think of these unofficial chess events as part of the London Classic Fringe. I headed down to my home town of Kingston-upon-Thames (which is really just a suburb of London) to attend a simul given by GM Stuart Conquest at Kingston Chess Club. Stuart now lives in Gibraltar but of course he wanted to be in London for the Classic, and he was able to slot in a simul whilst in town. (If you’re interested, he scored a creditable +12, =2, -0 against a strong line-up including one former British Under-18 Champion and a FIDE Master, drawing with Alan Scrimgeour and Angus James.) This is just a small example of how the London Classic reinvigorates chess in the capital for its duration, with a plethora of visiting titled players available for chess functions. And I was able to watch Stu play his simul whilst following play at Olympia in the two long endgames via my smartphone.

Mickey AdamsMeanwhile, back at Olympia… I hope everyone has had a look at that great little video of all the players giving one-word assessment of their rivals (and themselves). The last word went to Mickey Adams about himself – “underdog” – whilst two of his fellow competitors cited Kasparov’s famous homage to the great Briton: “spider”. Mickey is celebrated for his toughness and every British chess fan could be proud of their man as he held out for a draw against the world champion in what had seemed a forlorn cause. If I’d been asked for a one-word assessment of Mickey, I’d have opted for “Banks”, comparing the Adams rearguard action with that of the legendary England goalkeeper Gordon Banks and his wonder save against Pele in the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Thinking of a more chessy analogy, perhaps Mickey could wear a T-shirt with the inscription “I was tortured in the Carlsen Jailhouse – and survived!” That’s it, I’m all out of analogies, you’ll be relieved to hear. Mickey’s opening woes probably stemmed from the awkwardly-placed knight on a6 and the best he could do to survive was to give up the exchange for a pawn. However, with limited material left on the board, he had more than a glimmer of hope of survival. Eventually, on move, he manoeuvred his way into the position where  he has a vulnerable pawn on f7 but it is defended by the knight, which is defended by the bishop, which is defended by (and defends) the pawn on b6. You could call it a fortress, but perhaps ‘spider’s web’ would be more apt. After relocating his attacked bishop, Carlsen was left trying to find ways for his king and kingside pawns to find a way through the net. Having failed to do so, he tried giving up the bishop to get two kingside passed pawns but that too proved insufficient. A great save by the England number one.   The final game to finish was Topalov-Caruana. A Berlin Defence, with a sort of Giuoco Pianissimo flavour to it, the game exited the book on move 8. The Bulgarian, on ½/3, showed further signs of being out of sorts with some insipid play in the opening. Not only did he lose the initiative, he looked at a distinct disadvantage from about move 11 onwards. GM heads in the VIP room started to shake and a few people had already chalked up a 0-1 score in their mind as Caruana’s queenside attack started to unfold. But then things started to change: Caruana’s 21…c6? was a misjudgement and a deceptively simple sequence of moves by Topalov put White in the ascendant. However, a far-sighted, imaginative defence by Caruana enabled him to save the game. If Mickey is Gordon Banks, then Fabiano must be Brad Friedel, with maybe a dash of Dino Zoff. Topalov

Round 4

  1. Topalov F. Caruana


Black is in serious trouble here, with both c and e-pawns very vulnerable, but he comes up with a radical solution: 45…Rc8! 46.Ba6 Qa7 47.Bxc8 Topalov decides to go for it but, with the benefit of hindsight, we can see that 47.Bc4 is more prudent, trying for some other way to realise White’s strong positional edge. 47…Qxa2+ 48.Kd1 c4 Caruana’s survival plan is based on (a) his connected passed pawns and (b) the threat of perpetual check. 49.Rd2 Qa1+ 50.Ke2 c3 51.Qxf8 cxd2 52.Kxd2 Qb2+ Houdini prefers 52…Qc3+ 53.Ke2 Qc4+ 54.Kf2 b3, when Black’s safety is guaranteed. 53.Ke3 Qc1+ 54.Kf2 Qd2+ 55.Kf1 Qd1+ 56.Kg2 Qe2+ 57.Kh3 h5! Not difficult to find but absolutely essential. 58.g4 hxg4+ 59.Kxg4 Qg2+ 60.Kf4 Qh2+ 61.Ke3 Qg1+ 62.Kd3 Qf1+! Another only move: Black cannot let the white king slip out via c4 unless he is in a position to play Qc3+ and ensure the survival of the all-important b-pawn. 63.Kd4 Qa1+ 64.Kc4 Qc3+ 65.Kb5 b3 Plan B perpetual check, is on hold for the moment so Caruana reverts to plan A, pushing the b-pawn. 66.Bxe6 66.Qe8 is a possibility, but 66…Qxf3 67.Bxe6 b2 68.Bg8+ Kh6 69.Ba2 Qd3+ 70.Kb4 b1Q+ should draw. 66…Qe5+ 67.Kb4 Qxe6 68.Kc3 Qb6 68…b2!? 69.Kxb2 Qb6+ 70.Kc3 Qe3+ draws, according to the computer, but has too many imponderables for human consideration. 69.Qf5+ Kg8 70.Qd5+ Kf8 71.Qxb3 There is nothing better. 71…Qf6+ 72.Kc2 Qxh4 73.Qb8+ Kf7 74.Kd3 Qe1 75.Qf4+ Ke6 76.Qf5+ Ke7 77.Qc5+ Kf7 78.Qf5+ Ke7 79.Qg6 Allowing perpetual but it’s a draw anyway. 79…Qd1+ 80.Ke3 Qe1+ 81.Kf4 Qc1+ 82.Kf5 Qc5+ 83.Kf4 ½‑½


Those two wonderful saves by Adams and Caruana are the clue to why we are seeing so many draws at Olympia. Chess players at this exalted level are wonderful defenders, having learnt from computers that positions that used to be considered lost can actually be saved so long as you keep plugging away with precise moves and not allowing yourself to get too downhearted. Just as in football, when a single goal advantage often fails to a late equaliser, it ain’t over until the fat arbiter collects the scoresheets.




In the FIDE Open, Erstwhile leader Evgeny Postny was held by Benjamin Bok of the Netherlands, and there are now five players tied on 4½/5: Evgeny Postny (ISR), Alex Lenderman (USA), Eric Hansen (CAN), Tamas Fodor (HUN), Crg Krishna (IND). The latter, a 24-year-old IM rated 2367, has a TPR of 2705 at the moment, with a win against Vakhidov and a draw with GM Keith Arkell to his credit.

Evgeny Postny

In the British Knock-Out Championship between David Howell and Nick Pert, there was another draw, so Nick Pert has two remaining games in which to level the scores, which stands at 2½-1½ in Howell’s favour.


Round 5 is scheduled for Tuesday 8 December 2015 at 16.00. (Note that Wednesday 9 December is a rest day in the Classic schedule.)


More of my photos from round four are available here:

John Saunders

London Chess Classic Reporter (@johnchess)

Are you agree John Saudners that the great defensive technique are the reason for all the draws? Please share with us your opinion  in the comment.

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